Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Ngorongoro crater

Ngorongoro crater

  • AREA: 8,288 Sq Km
  • LOCATION: 190 from Arusha
  • Activities:

It is a UNESCO protected World Heritage Site which lies between Lake Manyara and Serengeti National Parks. Covering approximately 8,288 square km, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area consists of the Ngorongoro Crater, the Olduvai Gorge and Ndutu, the Empakai Crater and the Oldonyo Lengai Mountain. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a pioneering experiment in multi-purpose land use where people (the Maasai), their livestock and wildlife coexist and share the same protected habitat in harmony.


The craters of Ngorongoro and Empakai are reserved exclusively for wildlife, while the rest of the Conservation Area is shared by wildlife, people and livestock. The Maasai, the main residents of Ngorongoro, are pastoralists who move widely with their herds of cattle, sheep, goat and donkeys in search of pasture and water.

The Ngorongoro Crater, which is the central attraction in the area, is the largest Caldera in the world.The Ngorongoro Crater floor, a sheer drop of 610 metres below the crater rim, has an area of 265 sq. km, with a diameter of 19 km. The sight of the Ngorongoro Crater is simply stunning.

The Serengeti would not be the same without the beautiful rock outcrops known as “KOPJES” meaning Little in Dutch, and technically known as Inselberg. These intriguing round shaped granite rocks are a result of cracking and erosion from exposure to sun, wind and rain. They provide protection for a variety of wildlife including snakes, hyena, leopard, lions,lizards and birds.

“To witness that calm rhythm of life revives our worn souls and recaptures a feeling of belonging to the natural world. No one can return from the Serengeti unchanged, for tawny lions will forever prowl our memory and great herds throng our imagination.”.
George Schaller (American conservationist and author)